Know, Understand, Believe

by Beth Knittle on January 1, 2013

I have this thing about words.  Words have meaning and though these meanings change over time, words are essential in conveying ideas. I also tend to approach information from the perspective of a scientist looking over data and evidence. In a recent workshop (for non- educators) Critical Thinking and the Development of a Theory, we explored how theories change over time with new technologies, information and experiences.  We looked over several theories from plate tectonics to climate change.  Those conversations have me thinking about the words; know, understand and believe.

I was explaining the evidence related to the 1974 Time Magazine article Another Ice age? and the 1975 article in Newsweek The Cooling World.  At the time the earth was in a cooling pattern and there was much speculation on global cooling and a coming ice age.  Though the participants were all teens or adults at the time none remembered this and could not believe it was a real idea. We looked over a variety of scientific studies and data available at the time. Many said how could anyone believe it. The purpose was not to judge the conclusions made but to look at how the data could lead to the conclusions made at the time.  We then went through some of the date used to support the ideas of global warming, climate change and back to global cooling.

The whole point of the exercise was to think critically, analyze and evaluate data and ask tough questions challenging the conclusions drawn and generate questions for further study.  The participants had a hard time with this in the discussion of how climate change theories have developed over time.  As we went through the data and showed how conclusion were drawn one of the participants said to me” I can’t believe you can believe this malarky.”  I never expressed my view on any of the theories discussed.  This idea of belief was not brought up during the discussion of plate tectonics, germ theory or Copernicus’s sun centered solar system. Apparently climate change was such a sensitive topic that the application of critical thinking skills and analysis could not be applied.

In theory development we start with what we know; our observations, data, discrete bits of information and investigation. From theses bits of knowledge we try to understand; make meaning of how they relate to each other. We develop a theory that explains and predicts based on what we know and understand.

Belief relates to opinion and faith. Opinion is not necessarily based on measurable knowledge.

What I observed in these participants was that they equated understanding and belief as one in the same.  To me an educated person can speak from a variety of perspectives, understanding how these perspectives came to be and provide supporting evidence and knowledge related to them.  I understand how early astronomers developed a sun centered view of the universe, but that does not mean I believe it.

{ 3 comments… read them below or add one }

Dan Pangburn January 1, 2013 at 7:49 pm

The pdfs at http://climaterealists.com/index.php?tid=145&linkbox=true document the development of the determination of average global temperature from hunch to verifiable equation.

Farrah Deese February 11, 2013 at 12:36 am

Hello! I think you make a very good point. One should not categorize his understanding something in the same way of his belief of something. They are two entirely different things. I can see where teens, with their immaturity, might have a problem with this concept, and many adults, too. The idea in this article can be compared to a persons belief in religion..It is hard to understand what cannot be seen!!It just takes a great deal of faith based on what you do know, and then, how you link it all together.

Simon Giraldo October 21, 2013 at 4:48 pm

Hi,
this is interesting, I’ve been working and studying with these exact three words for more than two years now and I’m happy to see that there is a relative connection to what I realized is special about them.

In relation to our cultural perception of Time and Language there is an intrinsic connection between Linear Time, perceived as,a Past, Present, Future and the verbs To Know, To Understand and To Believe.
In a temporal perspective, when the mind reacts to information, it automatically passes through time to assimilate the information. The Mind begins with the present understanding of the information it is receiving.
Then, in accordance to this understanding, the mind goes to his past memory or knowledge database to check the related information. After this procedure, the mind acknowledges what it already knows and what it doesn’t know yet. At this point, if the information was already there or has a coherent correlation to the past, it says, ”I know this information” if the past says differently it can speculate, change the validity of the information re-arrange the structure of it’s coherence and built up something different or very similar to the information received or, simply accept the information as it comes and upon validation with it’s coherent knowledge or understanding, It says ”I believe”.

The Past has a direct correlation with Knowledge.
The Present has a direct correlation with Understanding.
The Future has a direct Correlation with Belief.

One cannot KNOW information of the present or the future. If it does, the information is past knowledge.
One can UNDERSTAND information of the past and of the future because the information is arriving Presently.
One cannot BELIEVE information of the present or the past. If it does, the information is of a future understanding that will one day become knowledge.

Know something that happened in the past.
Understand something that is happening now.
Believe something that will come.

Know for fact. Past.
Understand for happening. Now
Believe for unknown future.

and this goes the same with a particular perception of LOVE, PEACE and FEAR. but that is another story.

Have a nice present. :)

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